Cervical cancer is the cancer arising from the cervix. The cells of cervical cancer have the ability to grow and spread to other areas of the body. In the early stages of the disease there are no symptoms. However in the later stages, symptoms appear such as abnormal vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain or pain during intercourse.A very strong link has been found to exist between the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical cancer. About 90% of the cases of cervical cancer have had HPV infections sometime in the past. Other risk factors are smoking, weak immune system, birth control pills, starting sex at young age and having many sexual partners.
The few types of cervical cancers that affect women are squamous cell carcinomas (90%), 10% are adenocarcinoma and a small number are other types. Regular pap smears are a good way to maintain a close watch for any precancerous or cancerous changes in the cervix. There are several screening methods that can be done so as to prevent cervical cancer. Treatment of cervical cancer may constitute a combination of surgery, chemotherapy and Radiation therapy. The outcomes of treatments depend highly on the stage cancer was detected on. Cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer among women. The disease causes significant number of deaths in the developing countries while in developed countries its incidence is low because of the various screening tests available.